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Selection of Fabric for T-Shirts

October 19, 2015 3 Comments

One of the most common questions we get is “How do I pick the right t-shirt”? And, with so many options available to you in today’s market, it’s not an easy question to answer.

However, there are some standard specifications that you should always look for before buying a T-shirt.

1. Material or Quality of fabric: Cotton is, by far, the most common material used to make garments, and manufacturers use a variety of terms to let you know what type of cotton they are using. 100% Preshrunk Cotton and 100% Ringspun Cotton are the two most common types used. 

Preshrunk or “Open Cotton” T-shirts are the least expensive option you can choose. These are basic fabrics (basically one step above raw cotton), lightweight and smooth on the outside, but not on the inside. 

Ringspun Cotton T-shirts are lighter weight and have stronger fibers because they are made with a higher grade of cotton. They are softer and smoother both inside and out.

Very High Quality T-shirts are made from 100% COMBED RING-SPUN COTTON. When cotton is spun and then combed, fine brushes are used to pull out any impurities, along with short fibers leaving behind only long fibers which are straight, even and aligned. The texture of combed cotton is very soft and smooth since it lacks short threads, all dirt and impurities have been removed. In addition, combed cotton is stronger since the straightened fibers lie together more tightly, making the thread less likely to fray and unravel

2. GSM : GSM stands for Gram per Square Meter. It is the metric measurement of the weight of the fabric. In simpler terms, it is the weight or density of fabric.Higher GSM does not necessarily mean a better buy. GSM of the fabric should be decided based on the usage. The table below should help you pick a fabric based on its usage.

Intended purpose/style

Suggested GSM



Quality Thick T-shirts

Around 180

Light summer T-shirts

Around 160

Cheap promotional T-shirts



3. Finish of Fabric : In the textile industry, especially in the apparel sector, cotton is widely used because of its superior properties and it still holds the name as king of fibers. Cotton blended fabrics faces a major problem i.e. pilling. Pilling is defined as the tendency of fibers to loose from a surface and form balled or matted particles that remain attached to the surface of the fabric. Pilling is particularly problematic for knitted fabrics.

Essentially there are a number of methods to reduce pilling in commercial use. Acid cellulose used in bio-polishing or bio-washing, is very popular finishing treatment given to cellulose fabric. Apart from polishing the fabrics, the treatment offers a number of other benefits in physical properties such as improvement in pill resistance, cooler fill, brighter luminosity of colors and softness.

3 Responses

Gurman Singh
Gurman Singh

December 09, 2017

Yash – Where are you based out of. We @ are currently hiring. You can mail us your resume (Support at


November 02, 2017

I am looking for a job in tshirt industry.
Where could i get job?
Could u recomend some companies?

Ricardo Martinez
Ricardo Martinez

February 23, 2017

Found your blog. Its really nice on hoodies. I appreciate your article. Its important to get quality branded t shirt to look good. So thanks for sharing all that important information.

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Size Chart
TBhai Size Guide

How to measure?

All our T-Shirts are measured across the chest (or bust) and labelled as Small, Medium, Large, etc. The measurement is taken across the chest, armpit to armpit (like below picture), front and back.


If you are unsure of your preferred size, we suggest checking against one of your own T-Shirts by laying it down flat and measuring from armpit to armpit across and doubling the result to give an overall chest size. All our measurements are in inches.

Fit Details:

• Men's T-Shirts are Regular fit
• Women's T-Shirts have a curved waist, shorter sleeves and wider neckline
• Kid's T-Shirts are unisex